Vagus Nerve as Modulator of the Brain–Gut Axis in Psychiatric and Inflammatory Disorders

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget] Vagus nerve has direct connections between your brain and organs (e.g. stomach, lungs, heart, spleen, intestines, liver and kidneys). It is vital for keeping our bodies healthy by regulating our immune system, controlling stress and reducing inflammation. The vagus nerve is an essential part of the brain–gut axis and plays an important role […]

Do you know that there are different variants of Hashimoto thyroiditis?

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget]   For long Hashimoto’s thyroiditis has been characterized as a well-defined clinicopathologic entity. Though nowadays it is considered a heterogeneous disease (has several etiologies). There are different variants of Hashimoto thyroiditis: – fibrous, fibrous atrophic (Ord’s disease), or goitrous forms – IgG4 thyroiditis Thyroid autoantibody levels differ between goitrous and atrophic thyroiditis in […]

Depression associated with a significantly increased risk of autoimmune disease

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget] The etiology of autoimmune disease is still a debate and unclear. A population-based study including approximately 1.1 million people was conducted using linked Danish registries to investigate the association between depression and the risk of autoimmune disease. The findings show that depression to be associated with a significantly increased risk of autoimmune disease, compared […]

Nicotine

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget]   Smoking habit is a possible environmental trigger for several autoimmune diseases (e.g. inflammatory bowel diseases), by increasing production of free radicals which provoke DNA alterations leading to autoimmunity, or even triggering protein citrullination with subsequent production of autoantibodies. Though the role of nicotine has been controversial. Some studies claim its protective and […]

Liquid or tablet Levothyroxine

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget]       The liquid and soft gel formulations of levothyroxine allowing better L-T4 absorption in comparison to the traditional tablet form. Recent study compared the effects of thyroid replacement therapy with either liquid or tablet formulation of levothyroxine on mood states, self-perceived mental well-being and thyroid hormone profile in recently thyroidectomized patients. […]

Thyroid medication intake

[siteorigin_widget class=”SiteOrigin_Widget_Image_Widget”][/siteorigin_widget]     Levothyroxine sodium is widely prescribed to treat hypothyroidism. For long there is an agreement that levothyroxine should be taken before breakfast in order to prevent its interference with food or other medications. Some hypothyroid patients, despite taking thyroid medication, still report unbalanced thyroid hormone levels. A Randomized Double-blind study shows that […]